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Everything You Should Know About Catastrophic Injuries

In 2013, there were over 120,000 personal injury collisions and 1741 fatal collisions on the road, only in Canada. Moreover, total injuries resulted from these collisions were over 165,000, of which 10,315 were serious injuries. Due to fatal collisions, there 1,923 deaths in Canada, in the year 2013.


The stats clearly indicate that more than 5 people died due to car accidents every single day during the entire 2013, within the country. Majority of deaths involved victims over 65 years, followed by younger people aged between 25 and 34.

This goes to show, how important it is to follow the traffic rules. Anyhow, if you have been injured in a road accident, you should visit personal injury lawyer Toronto in order to make sure you get your rightful compensation from responsible person. Road accidents can result in catastrophic injuries, which in turn could result in permanent disorder, or death. Since Grillo lawyers cover catastrophic injuries better than anyone, it’s better to learn about catastrophic injuries from them.

What is Catastrophic Injury?

Catastrophic injury may or may not be fatal. For an injury to qualify as a catastrophic injury, it must cause severe damages to the following parts of the body:

  • Skull
  • Brain
  • Spinal cord
  • Spine

A skull fracture or spinal fracture are the forms of catastrophic injury.

Three Outcomes

Catastrophic injuries can be classified into three categories based on three different outcomes:

  1. Fatality
  2. Those severe injuries that cause permanent functional disability
  3. Those injuries that cause neck trauma or head trauma without permanent disability.

Fatal Injury

According to accident injury lawyers in Toronto, an injury can become fatal if it had resulted in a trauma, either directly or indirectly during the course of accident. As a result of fatal injury, the patient may develop an underlying physiological or anatomical abnormality. If a person has a specific anatomical anomaly, he should not take part in certain activities, such as contact sports.

For a person with an anomalous odontoid process, contact sports can be life-threatening. Any violent impact on his body may result in catastrophic injury. So, if a person has had a severe head injury in the past, he may be stopped from playing boxing or practicing any form of martial arts. Such a person may be restricted to play outdoor sports which may involve involuntary contact. Such sports include soccer, basket ball, ice hockey, baseball and more!

Indirect, nonfatal catastrophic injury

This injury may have occurred because of the systematic failure from exertion during the accident. The injured person may already be having a cardiovascular condition, exceptional hyponatremia, heat illness or dehydration. Or perhaps he may have a complication to nonfatal injury.

Indirect fatalities

These injuries are normally caused by specific cardiovascular conditions, such as:

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Other Medical Issues

There are plenty of medical issues that are connected to catastrophic injury, such as:

  • Cardiovascular complications
  • Changes to cardiac function
  • Gastrointestinal problems
  • Pulmonary problems

For example, if a person has had a spinal cord injury, there are more chances for him dying with pneumonia.

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